2024 NECO Syllabus for Animal Husbandry | PDF Download

Download NECO syllabus for Animal Husbandry 2024/2025 for SS1 to SS3 free. This syllabus will show you the area of concentration for this year’s NECO SSCE Animal Husbandry examination. In other words, it gives you all the Animal Husbandry topics, recommended textbooks and authors which you need to read in preparation for the examination.

NOTE: This syllabus is for both NECO SSCE and GCE examinationsTherefore, both GCE and secondary school students can make use of it.

One thing you should note about the NECO syllabus is that all the Animal Husbandry questions in your examination will come out from there. So, it is real.

The National Examination Council has officially released areas of concentration which i geared towards helping students pass their Animal Husbandry examination. The examination Council understands how difficult some students find Animal Husbandry. For this reason, it has decided to give topic from which all NECO SSCE questions and answers will come out from.

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This syllabus has been designed to portray animal husbandry as a trade for livelihood with emphasis on the acquisition of knowledge and entrepreneurial skills in animal husbandry.

Candidates will be expected to answer questions on all the topics set out in the column headed Syllabus. The notes therein are intended to indicate the scope of the questions which will be set, but they are not to be considered as an exhaustive list of limitations and illustrations.


The syllabus will therefore seek to assess candidates’ knowledge and skills in:

(1)   Basic animal production practices such as feeding, housing, pest and disease control;

(2) Efficient and effective management of animal enterprise;

(3) Efficient processing, preservation, packaging, storage and marketing of animal products;

(4) Basic entrepreneurial skills in animal husbandry related vocations;

(5) Basic knowledge and skills in animal improvement and health.


(1)   Schools offering Animal Husbandry are expected to raise at least one species of farm animals from each of the following groups:

(a) Monogastrics e.g. poultry, pigs, snails, camel, donkey, horse, rabbit, bee.

(b) Ruminants e.g. cattle, sheep and goat.

(2) It is recommended that the schools should have agricultural laboratories.

(3) It is also recommended that candidates keep practical notebooks and specimen albums which should contain records of activities undertaken and observations made on the school farm and field trips and of specimens collected.

(4) It is also expected that the study would be supplemented by visits to well established livestock and poultry farms, abattoirs, feed mills, animal product-based companies and other institutions related to animal.


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3; all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting

PAPER 1: Will consist of forty multiple choice questions all of which should be answered within 40 minutes for 40 marks.

PAPER 2: Will consist of six essay questions drawn from the entire syllabus. Each question carries 20 marks. Candidates will be required to answer four questions within 2 hours for a total of 80 marks.

PAPER 3: Will be a practical paper for school candidates and a test practical work paper for private candidates. Each version will consist of four questions all of which should be answered within 1½ hours for 60 marks.

2024/2025 NECO Animal Husbandry Syllabus (Area of Concentration)


(1)  Importance of farm animals

Discussion should include:-

source of food(meat, milk, eggs,honey etc);

–   raw materials e.g. hide and skin, bones, hooves, hair/fur, egg shells;

–   source of manure (fertilizer, bio-gas, bio fuel), growing of maggotsand earthworms;

–   source of feed ingredients- blood meal, bone meal, meat and bonemeal, snail shell, egg shell, feathersetc;

–   animal power (animal traction,transportation);

–   research (laboratory, field), drugs,vaccines, hormones etc;

–   source of employment;

–   sales of products and by-products;

–   social functions e.g. payment ofbride price, cultural displays(weddings);

–   for security e.g. ducks, bees,turkeys;

–   as pets e.g. rabbits, sheep, chickens;

–   sports and games e.g. horse racing, chicken fighting;

–   religious festivals e.g. turkeys, rams etc;

–   source of foreign exchange through export of animal products and by-products.

2. Classification of farm animals.

Discussion should be based on stomach type:

(a) Classification of Animals  Simple stomach (non- ruminant or monogastric). e.g. poultry (avian),

3. Internal organs and their functions in farm animals.

4. Body systems and their functions in farm animals

5. Reproduction in farm animals

(a) Definition of terms used in livestock reproduction.

(b) Reproduction in livestock (mammals).

(c) Reproduction in poultry.

(d) Reproductive hormones and their functions.

(e) Management of pregnant farm animals: pig (swine), rabbits, horses, donkeys, snails, bees, grass cutters;

(b) Complex stomach (polygastric or ruminants) i.e. cattle, sheep and goat.

Identification should include:

(i)         External features of common ruminants and non-ruminants;

(ii)        Differences should be based on type of stomach and type of feed consumed.

Identification of internal organs of farm animals e.g. (liver, lungs, heart, kidney, spleen, pancreas, stomach, crop, caecum, gizzard, small intestine, large intestine, tongue etc, and their functions).

Discussions should include digestive, respiratory, nervous, circulatory, skeletal, reproductive systems. Students are expected to understand the functions of each system.

Discussion should include ovulation, oestrus cycle, heat period, signs of heat, mating, gestation, parturition, lactation, colostrum, flushing, steaming up, dystocia, vaginal prolapse etc.

Discussion should include detection of heat, mating systems, pregnancy detection and signs of parturition.

Knowledge of the process of egg formation in poultry is required.

Sources and roles of female hormones (oestrogen, progesterone, relaxin, oxytocin etc) and male hormones (testosterone/androgen) should be emphasised.

Discussion should include regular and adequate feeding, body exercise, steaming up, separation from male animals, provision of clean and adequate water livestock management systems, Management practices of livestock.


(1)   Meaning and classes of animal feeds.

(2)   Animal feeds and feeding

(a)    Livestock rations administration of drugs where necessary, dipping to eliminate ecto-parasites, parturition etc

Knowledge of livestock management systems: intensive, semi-intensive and extensive system is required. Discussion should include advantages and disadvantages of each of the systems.

Discussion should include housing requirements for each of the farm animals and students are expected to have the knowledge of the use of local materials for construction of the animal houses. Understanding of other management practices: feeding, sanitation, hygiene, castration, dehorning, deworming, vaccination, inoculation, culling, debeaking, smoking (in bees), docking (detailing), means of identification of farm animals (tattooing, branding, ear-notching, rings etc), isolation, weaning, care of the young animal until they are weaned etc, is essential. Simple record keeping including income and expenditure accounts is necessary. Importance of each of these practices should be discussed. Discussion should also include the management practices from birth to maturity of a named large ruminant, small ruminant, poultry, pigs, grasscutter, bees and snails.

Discussion should include the meaning of animal nutrition, feed nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oil, vitamins, minerals and water), their functions and sources and their deficiencies in farm animals. Students should also be exposed to classification of animal feeds into concentrates, roughages, supplements, feed additives etc.

Study should include meaning of livestock rations and types (balanced, maintenance, production rations. Malnutrition: meaning,

(3)   Processing and marketing of animal products.

(a).Processing techniques for different farm animal products

(b). Marketing of animal products.

causes, symptoms and practical ways to check malnutrition such as feeding balanced rations to animals, feeding weaker animals separately, deworming animals, giving supplementary feeds, addition of feed additives to stimulate appetite, protecting animals from toxic plants and harmful substances, adjusting stocking rates appropriately, provision of good quality and adequate water etc, should be studied.

Students should be exposed to practical diet formulations for the different classes of farm animals (starter, grower and finisher diets). Students should be able to identify different feed ingredients used for diet formulations e.g. blood meal, fish meal, cotton seed cake, oyster shell, groundnut cake, maize grains, salt, premix, glycine etc. Factors to consider in feed formulation for farm animals e.g. physiological status of animal, species, age, body weight, production target, acceptability of feed, nutrient composition of the feed, ingredient availability, cost of feed ingredients etc, should be studied.

The processing techniques to include: pre-slaughtering, slaughtering and post-slaughtering activities. Hygienic conditions in processing are also important. Students should understand slaughtering techniques for different farm animals. Students should also be exposed to processing of animal products e.g. egg, milk, meat, skin, wool, honey, snail shell and feathers, fur, hooves, horns, blood, faeces/droppings into other forms (value addition). Understanding of common marketing channels and agents such as producers, wholesalers, retailers, consumers etc is required. Advantages and disadvantages of each marketing channel and agent should be discussed


(a) Introduction, selection and breeding.

(b). Merits and demerits of methods: Students are required to understand merits used in farm animal improvement and demerits of each method used in farm animal improvement.

2.  Artificial insemination.

(a). Meaning of artificial: Explanation of the term artificial insemination. insemination is required

(b). Artificial insemination.: Discussion to include identification of materials, methods, steps and precautions in carrying out artificial insemination.

(c). Advantages of artificial: Knowledge of advantages of artificial insemination. insemination is required.


1.  Farm animal diseases and pathogens.

(a). Concept of farm animal disease. : Knowledge of meaning and causal agents

(b) General symptoms of diseases in farm animals. :(bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa) of diseases in farm animals is required. Discussion to include signs of a sick animal e.g. loss of appetite, loss of weight, diarrhoea, high body temperature, blood stained urine, gnashing of teeth, discharges from natural openings, blood stained feaces, ruffled feathers or fur, standing hair, undue noise, excessive salivation, anaemia, staggering gait, difficulty in breathing, coma, sudden death etc.

(c). Diseases of farm animals prevention and control.

breathing, coma, sudden death etc. Ability to identify the main diseases of farm animals, their causal agents, mode of transmission and symptoms is required. Simple preventive and control measures including the use of antibiotics and ethno veterinary practices are required.

(d) Factors predisposing farm animals to diseases.

Knowledge of factors that predispose farm animals to diseases e.g. poor nutrition, poor health status, poor sanitation, inadequate bio security, overcrowding, unfavorable weather conditions, low immunity etc is required.

2. Livestock parasites and pests.

(a). Livestock parasites.: Understanding of the meaning, classes, control/prevention and effects of parasites on farm animals is required. Discussion to include lif cycles of the parasites. Ability to identify and understand economic importance of ecto-parasites (ticks, lice, mites, fleas etc.) and endo-parasites (tapeworm, roundworm, hookworm, pinworm, liver fluke, trypanosome etc) is required.

(b). Livestock pests.    Knowledge of livestock pests (rodents, snakes, soldier ants, birds, weevils, termites, flies etc), prevention/control using dewormers, acaricides, pesticides and ethno veterinary practices, and effects of pests on farm animals will be assessed. Ability to identify and knowledge of economic importance of storage pests (rodents, weevils, termites, cockroaches etc), field pests (soldier ants, birds, snakes flies etc) are required.

2024 NECO Area of Concentration for Animal Husbandry

This year’s animal husbandry syllabus show you all the topics which you must cover in order to pass your examination. In case you do not know, these topics covers all the NECO questions in this subject. Therefore, your are advised to take this syllable serious.

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2 thoughts on “2024 NECO Syllabus for Animal Husbandry | PDF Download”

    1. We’re trying out best to gain access to the specimens.

      As at the time this reply was posted, the real specimens have not been posted.

      Be rest assured that it’ll be posted as soon as possible.

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