JAMB area of concentration for biology 2024/2025 is out. Download and read topics contained in the new JAMB syllabus for Biology 2024/2025. The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has released new biology topics basically designed for science students. These syllabus contain area of concentration or topics which every student who wishes to write Biology in JAMB should read.

If you are trusting to engage in JAMB runz, I am here to inform you that JAMB expo is fake. There is no point waiting for it. For this reason, all UTME students are advised to take these topics and recommended textbooks serious for better performance.

On this page, I will share the comprehensive JAMB biology syllabus for UTME candidates and a link to download it for free.


JAMB Syllabus for Biology (Area of Concentration) 2024/2025

The list of topics below make up the 2024 JAMB syllabus:

1. Living organisms

a. Characteristics

b. Cell structure and functions of cell Components

c. Level of organization
i. Cell e.g. euglena and paramecium,
ii. Tissue, e.g. epithelial tissues and hydra
iii. Organ, e.g onion bulb
iv. Systems, e.g. reproductive, digestive and excretory
v. Organisms e.g. Chlamydomonas

2. Evolution

a. Monera (prokaryotes), e.g. bacteria and blue green algae.

b. Protista (protozoans and protophyta),
e.g Amoeba Euglena and Paramecium

c. Fungi, e.g. mushroom and Rhizopus.

3. Plantae (plants)

i. Thallophyta (e.g. Spirogyra)
ii. Bryophyta (mosses and liveworts) e.g. Brachmenium and Merchantia.
iii. Pteridophyta (ferns) e.g. Dryopteris.
iv. Spermatophyta (Gymnospermae and Angiospermae)
– Gymnosperms e.g. Cycads and conifers.
– Angiosperms (monocots, e.g. maize; dicots, e.g. water leaf)

 4. Animalia (animals)

i. Invertebrates
coelenterate (e.g. Hydra)
Platyhelminthes (flatworms) e.g. Taenia
– Nematoda (roundworms)
– Annelida (e.g. earthworm)
– Arthropoda e.g. mosquito, cockroach, housefly, bee, butterfly
– Mollusca (e.g. snails)
ii. Multicellular animals (vertebrates)
– pisces (cartilaginous and bony fish)
– Amphibia (e.g. toads and frogs)
– Reptilia (e.g. lizards, snakes and turtles)
– Aves (birds)
– Mammalia (mammals)

5. Structural/functional and behavioral adaptations of organisms.

i. adaptive colouration and its functions

ii. Behavioural adaptations in social animals

iii. Structural adaptations in organisms.


a. The internal structure of a flowering plant
ii. Stem
iii. Leaf
b. The internal structure of a mammal
i. Nutrition
ii. Modes of nutrition
iii. Autotrophic
iv. Heterotrophic
c. Types of Nutrition
i. Plant nutrition
ii. Photosynthesis
iii. Mineral requirements (macro and micro-nutrients)

7. Animal nutrition

i. Classes of food substances; carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oils, vitamins, mineral salts and water
ii. Food tests (e.g. starch, reducing sugar, protein, oil, fat etc.
iii. The mammalian tooth (structures, types and functions
iv. Mammalian alimentary canal
v. Nutrition process (ingestion, digestion, absorption, and assimilation of digested food.

8. Transport

a. Need for transportation

Materials for transportation. (Excretory products, gases, manufactured food, digested food, nutrient, water and hormones)

b. Channels for transportation
i. Mammalian circulatory system (heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries)
ii. Plant vascular system (phloem and xylem)
iii. Media and processes of mechanism for transportation.

9. Respiration

a. Respiratory organs and surfaces

The mechanism of gaseous exchange in:
i. Plants
ii. Mammals

b. Aerobic respiration

c. Anaerobic respiration


10. Excretion

a. Types of excretory structures:

i. contractile vacuole

ii. flame cell, nephridium,

iii. Malpighian tubule,

iv. kidney, stoma, and lenticel.

b. Excretory mechanisms:
i. Kidneys
ii. lungs
ii. skin

11. Excretory products of plants

Support and movement

Tropic, tactic, nastic and sleep movements in plants

supporting tissues in animals

Types and functions of the skeleton
i. Exoskeleton
ii. Endoskeleton
iii. Functions of the skeleton in animals

12. Reproduction

a. sexual reproduction
i. Fission as in Paramecium
ii. Budding as in yeast
iii. Natural vegetative propagation
iv. Artificial vegetative propagation.

b. sexual reproduction in flowering plants
i. Floral parts and their functions
ii. Pollination and fertilization
iii. products of sexual reproduction

c. Reproduction in mammals
i.structures and functions of the male and female reproductive organs
ii. Fertilization and development. (Fusion of gametes)

13. Growth

a. meaning of growth

b. Germination of seeds and condition necessary for germination of seeds.

14. Co-ordination and control

a. Nervous coordination:
i. the components, structure and functions of the central nervous system;
ii. The components and functions of the peripheral nervous systems;
iii. Mechanism of transmission of impulses;
iv. Reflex action

b. The sense organs
i. skin (tactile)
ii. nose (olfactory)
iii. tongue (taste)
iv. eye (sight)
v. ear (auditory)

c. Hormonal control
i. animal hormonal system
– Pituitary
– thyroid
– parathyroid
– adrenal gland
– pancreas
– gonads
ii. Plant hormones (phytohormones

d. Homeostasis
i. Body temperature regulation
ii. Salt and water regulation


a. Factors affecting the distribution of Organisms

i. Abiotic

ii. Biotic

b. Symbiotic interactions of plants and animals

c. Energy flow in the ecosystem: food chains, food webs and trophic levels

d. Nutrient cycling in nature
i. carbon cycle
ii. water cycle
iii. Nitrogen cycle

16. Natural Habitats

Aquatic (e.g. ponds, streams, lakes seashores and mangrove swamps)

Terrestrial/arboreal (e.g. tree-tops of oil palm, abandoned farmland or a dry grassy (savanna) field, and burrow or hole.

16. Local (Nigerian Biomes)

i. Tropical rainforest

ii. Guinea savanna (southern and northern)

iii. Sudan Savanna

iv. Desert

v. Highlands of montane forests and grasslands of the Obudu, Jos, Mambilla Plateau.

17. The Ecology of Populations:

a. Population density and overcrowding.

b. Adaptation for survival
i. Factors that bring about competition
ii. Intra and inter-specific competition
iii. Relationship between competition and succession.

c. Factors affecting population sizes:
i. Biotic (e.g. food, pest, disease, predation, competition, reproductive ability).
ii. Abiotic (e.g. temperature, space, light, rainfall, topography, pressure, pH, etc.

d. Ecological succession
i. primary succession
ii. secondary succession

18. SOIL

a. characteristics of different types of soil (sandy, loamy, clayey)
i. soil structure
ii. porosity, capillarity and humus content
iii. Components of the soil
i. inorganic
ii. organic
iii. soil organisms
iv. Soil air
v. Soil water

b. Soil fertility:
i. loss of soil fertility
ii. Renewal and maintenance of soil fertility

19. Humans and Environment

a. Diseases:
(i) Common and endemic diseases.
ii. Easily transmissible diseases and disease syndrome such as:
sexually transmitted disease/syndrome (gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS, etc.

b. Pollution and its control
(i) sources, types, effects and methods of control.
(ii) Sanitation and sewage

c. Conservation of Natural ResourcesiGame reserves and National parks


a. Variation In Population

b. Morphological variations in the physical appearance of individuals.
(i) size (height, weight)
(ii) Colour (skin, eye, hair, coat of animals, scales and feathers.
(iii) Fingerprints

c. Physiological variation
(i) Ability to roll tongue
(ii) Ability to taste
phenylthiocarbamide (PTC)
(iii) Blood groups

d. Application of discontinuous
i. variation in crime detection,
ii. blood transfusion and
iii. determination of paternity.

21. Heredity

a. Inheritance of characters in organisms;
b.  Heritable and non-heritable characters.

c. Chromosomes – the basis of heredity;
(i) Structure
(ii) Process of transmission of hereditary characters from parents to offspring.

d. Probability in genetics and sex determination.

e. Application of the principles of heredity in:
i) Agriculture
(ii) Medicine

f. Sex – linked characters e.g. baldness, haemophilia, colour blindness, etc.


i. Theories of evolution

ii. Lamarck’s theory

iii. Darwin’s theory

iv. organic theory

JAMB Recommended Textbooks & Authors for Biology 2024

  1. Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O. (2001) Senior Secondary School Biology: Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman.
  2. Odunfa, S.A. (2001) Essential of Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann.
  3. Ogunniyi M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A. (2000) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books 1 – 3, Macmillan.
  4. Ramalingam, S.T. (2005) Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, AFP
  5. Stan. (2004) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, Ibadan: Heinemann
  6. Stone R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982) Biology for West African Schools. Longman
  7. Usua, E.J. (1997) Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, University Press, Limited

Conclusion: JAMB Biology Syllabus PDF

The above topics show you the detailed areas which you have to concentrate on if you must do well in JAMB. There is no point reading without a goal to achieve. Syllabus serve as guideline to show you topics which will come out during your exam.

Is JAMB syllabus real? Yes, JAMB syllabus is real because it shows approved topics, recommended textbooks and authors for UTME candidates to read.

If you have any questions, drop a comment below and I will attend to you at once.



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