Who is the protagonist or the major character or the main character in The Life Changer by Khadija Abubakar Jalli? Who is the antagonist in The Life Changer by Khadija Abubakar Jalli

If you are yet to know who the real characters are in the new JAMB story book, this article is for you.

In this article, I’ll be showing the character whom the whole story revolves around (protagonist) and the one who was against the main character (antagonist).

Before we proceed, we shall take a look at the meaning of protagonist and antagonist.

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Who is a protagonist in a book?

A protagonist in a book refers to a character around whom the story revolves. It refers to the main actor or actress in a literary work.

Another name for a protagonist is main or major character. The opposite of protagonist is antagonist.

In a story, a protagonist may end well or badly depending on the factors surrounding her existence in the book. When a protagonist’s life ends well in a story, we say that the story is comedy but when it ends in a bad way, we say the story is tragic. In a case where both tragedy and comedy exists at the end of a literary work, we say that such work is tragicomedy.

There may be other major characters in a novel or drama but their whole actions may be in favour or against a particular character. In other words, the actions of other characters affects the life of a protagonist either positively or negatively.

The biggest force against a protagonist is the antagonist. So, the antagonist does opposite of whatever the protagonist does.

SEE ALSO: Themes in The Life Changer by Khadija Abubakar Jalli

Who is an antagonist in a novel/drama?

An antagonist is one of the major characters whose efforts are geared towards destroying or rendering the efforts of the protagonist useless. An antagonist is the biggest force against the protagonist.

An antagonist in a book may come in different dimensions. It may be in form of a quality existing within the protagonist. For instance, where the protagonist has fear, pride or any other quality that may cause his downfall.

Antagonism may also be in form of another character in a book. Finally, it may come as a result of any other external factor surrounding the life of the protagonist. This simply explains that an antagonist is not necessarily a person.

Now that you have briefly seen the meaning of protagonist and antagonist in a novel or drama, let’s now see them as they relate to the JAMB novel.

SEE ALSO: Questions that May Come Out in JAMB From The Life Changer by Khadija Abubakar Jalli

Who is the protagonist in the Life Changer by Khadija Abubakar Jalli?

The protagonist in The Life Changer by Khadija Abubakar Jalli is Salma. The whole story revolves around her life while she was in the University.

The whole story talks about University as Salma’s life changer. As we see at the end of the book, Salma’s life was changed for good.

Furthermore, the title of the novel, The Life Changer was coiled from the lifestyle of Salma and the latter effect.

However, some people argue that Ummi is the protagonist in the novel and not Salma.

Is Ummi the protagonist in The Life Changer? No, Ummi is not the protagonist in The Life Changer rather she is the narrator who narrated from the third point of view.

She had the omnipotent ability. She has the ability to narrate all about the characters in the book as she knows everything about each of the characters. So, the author of the novel simply used the voice of Ummi to convey his message. So, Ummi is not the protagonist, rather, Salma is.


Who is the antagonist in The Life Changer by Khadija Abubakar Jalli?

Drawing from the above explanation we gave about antagonist, no character in the novel worked against the progress throughout the novel but she had some qualities which caused her downfall.

Out of all the qualities showcased by Salma in the book, there were only two qualities which manifested in her life majorly. These qualities are: pride and arrogance.

Pride and arrogance caused Salma to publicly liken the lecturers to the police. She described both parties as corrupt who can collect just a little token to help you out. She also boasted of her ability to win a lecturer’s attention by offering as little as 2,000 to 3,000 Naira.

Pride cause her to turn down Habib’s proposal thinking that it will upgrade her level in the university for rejecting a rich man’s proposal. Meanwhile, she actually wanted to be with Habib.

Pride and arrogance also caused her to see her roommates as people she cannot cope with since they are not as sophisticated as she is.

Who is the antagonist in The Life Changer by Khadija Abubakar Jalli? Pride and arrogance served as the antagonist in the novel as Salma was deeply affected due to her arrogant life in the university.

So, if you are still looking for how worked against Salma, nobody did instead her behaviour worked against her.


Salma is the protagonist or the major character in the JAMB novel while Ummi is just a narrator used by the author to pass her message.

Although Ummi is one of the major characters, she does not showcase as the protagonist.

On the other hand, Salma’s proud and arrogant lifestyle caused her to move from one problem to another. She may have other evident qualities but these two (pride and arrogance) manifested the most.

I hope you this article was helpful and that you enjoyed it. If you have any questions, comment or contribution do well to drop a comment below or you can simply reach out to us by using our contact page.


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