This particular posts provides the you the real 2023 NECO Animal Husbandry midnight expo for the upcoming NECO SSCE physics exam. The real NECO questions and answers for today’s Animal Husbandry which hold on 3rd August, 2023 is out. All answers will be posted here for free. No need to pay or subscribe for it because we have your interest at heart. It’s 100% free!
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NECO Questions and Answers for Animal Husbandry 2023/2024
All NECO correct Animal Husbandry questions and answers for this year’s exam will be posted here for free during your examination. Keep refreshing this page for more updates…
All 2023 NECO real Questions and Answers for Animal Husbandry paper i (objectives) and paper ii (theory) will be posted here 2 hour before your examination. The expo link will be available soon and it is 100% free! Keep refreshing this page for more info…
While we wait for our team to gain access to the question paper and to solve all questions, let me show you NECO past questions and answers for today’s Physics, possible questions and answers and also topics where your NECO examination questions will come from.
Ensure to read this guide completely.
Areas to Expect Questions During 2023 Animal Husbandry Examination
All animal husbandry students should expect questions from these areas. Therefore, study them carefully.
A. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION
(1) Importance of farm animals
Discussion should include:-
source of food(meat, milk, eggs,honey etc);
– raw materials e.g. hide and skin, bones, hooves, hair/fur, egg shells;
– source of manure (fertilizer, bio-gas, bio fuel), growing of maggotsand earthworms;
– source of feed ingredients- blood meal, bone meal, meat and bonemeal, snail shell, egg shell, feathersetc;
– animal power (animal traction,transportation);
– research (laboratory, field), drugs,vaccines, hormones etc;
– source of employment;
– sales of products and by-products;
– social functions e.g. payment ofbride price, cultural displays(weddings);
– for security e.g. ducks, bees,turkeys;
– as pets e.g. rabbits, sheep, chickens;
– sports and games e.g. horse racing, chicken fighting;
– religious festivals e.g. turkeys, rams etc;
– source of foreign exchange through export of animal products and by-products.
2. Classification of farm animals.
Discussion should be based on stomach type:
(a) Classification of Animals Simple stomach (non- ruminant or monogastric). e.g. poultry (avian),
3. Internal organs and their functions in farm animals.
4. Body systems and their functions in farm animals
5. Reproduction in farm animals
(a) Definition of terms used in livestock reproduction.
(b) Reproduction in livestock (mammals).
(c) Reproduction in poultry.
(d) Reproductive hormones and their functions.
(e) Management of pregnant farm animals: pig (swine), rabbits, horses, donkeys, snails, bees, grass cutters;
(b) Complex stomach (polygastric or ruminants) i.e. cattle, sheep and goat.
Identification should include:
(i) External features of common ruminants and non-ruminants;
(ii) Differences should be based on type of stomach and type of feed consumed.
Identification of internal organs of farm animals e.g. (liver, lungs, heart, kidney, spleen, pancreas, stomach, crop, caecum, gizzard, small intestine, large intestine, tongue etc, and their functions).
Discussions should include digestive, respiratory, nervous, circulatory, skeletal, reproductive systems. Students are expected to understand the functions of each system.
Discussion should include ovulation, oestrus cycle, heat period, signs of heat, mating, gestation, parturition, lactation, colostrum, flushing, steaming up, dystocia, vaginal prolapse etc.
Discussion should include detection of heat, mating systems, pregnancy detection and signs of parturition.
Knowledge of the process of egg formation in poultry is required.
Sources and roles of female hormones (oestrogen, progesterone, relaxin, oxytocin etc) and male hormones (testosterone/androgen) should be emphasised.
Discussion should include regular and adequate feeding, body exercise, steaming up, separation from male animals, provision of clean and adequate water livestock management systems, Management practices of livestock.
B. ANIMAL NUTRITION
(1) Meaning and classes of animal feeds.
(2) Animal feeds and feeding
(a) Livestock rations administration of drugs where necessary, dipping to eliminate ecto-parasites, parturition etc
Knowledge of livestock management systems: intensive, semi-intensive and extensive system is required. Discussion should include advantages and disadvantages of each of the systems.
Discussion should include housing requirements for each of the farm animals and students are expected to have the knowledge of the use of local materials for construction of the animal houses. Understanding of other management practices: feeding, sanitation, hygiene, castration, dehorning, deworming, vaccination, inoculation, culling, debeaking, smoking (in bees), docking (detailing), means of identification of farm animals (tattooing, branding, ear-notching, rings etc), isolation, weaning, care of the young animal until they are weaned etc, is essential. Simple record keeping including income and expenditure accounts is necessary. Importance of each of these practices should be discussed. Discussion should also include the management practices from birth to maturity of a named large ruminant, small ruminant, poultry, pigs, grasscutter, bees and snails.
Discussion should include the meaning of animal nutrition, feed nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oil, vitamins, minerals and water), their functions and sources and their deficiencies in farm animals. Students should also be exposed to classification of animal feeds into concentrates, roughages, supplements, feed additives etc.
Study should include meaning of livestock rations and types (balanced, maintenance, production rations. Malnutrition: meaning,
(3) Processing and marketing of animal products.
(a).Processing techniques for different farm animal products
(b). Marketing of animal products.
causes, symptoms and practical ways to check malnutrition such as feeding balanced rations to animals, feeding weaker animals separately, deworming animals, giving supplementary feeds, addition of feed additives to stimulate appetite, protecting animals from toxic plants and harmful substances, adjusting stocking rates appropriately, provision of good quality and adequate water etc, should be studied.
Students should be exposed to practical diet formulations for the different classes of farm animals (starter, grower and finisher diets). Students should be able to identify different feed ingredients used for diet formulations e.g. blood meal, fish meal, cotton seed cake, oyster shell, groundnut cake, maize grains, salt, premix, glycine etc. Factors to consider in feed formulation for farm animals e.g. physiological status of animal, species, age, body weight, production target, acceptability of feed, nutrient composition of the feed, ingredient availability, cost of feed ingredients etc, should be studied.
The processing techniques to include: pre-slaughtering, slaughtering and post-slaughtering activities. Hygienic conditions in processing are also important. Students should understand slaughtering techniques for different farm animals. Students should also be exposed to processing of animal products e.g. egg, milk, meat, skin, wool, honey, snail shell and feathers, fur, hooves, horns, blood, faeces/droppings into other forms (value addition). Understanding of common marketing channels and agents such as producers, wholesalers, retailers, consumers etc is required. Advantages and disadvantages of each marketing channel and agent should be discussed
C. PASTURE AND RANGE MANAGEMENT
(a) Introduction, selection and breeding.
(b). Merits and demerits of methods: Students are required to understand merits used in farm animal improvement and demerits of each method used in farm animal improvement.
2. Artificial insemination.
(a). Meaning of artificial: Explanation of the term artificial insemination. insemination is required
(b). Artificial insemination.: Discussion to include identification of materials, methods, steps and precautions in carrying out artificial insemination.
(c). Advantages of artificial: Knowledge of advantages of artificial insemination. insemination is required.
Check out the full approved areas here.
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