Download WAEC syllabus for Government 2023/2024 for free. This syllabus will show you the area of concentration for this year’s WAEC SSCE Government examination. In other words, it gives you all the govt topics, recommended textbooks and authors which you need to read in preparation for the examination.
NOTE: This syllabus is for both WAEC SSCE and GCE examinations. Therefore, both GCE and secondary school students can make use of it.
One thing you should note about the WAEC syllabus is that all the government questions in your examination will come out from there. So, it is real.
The West African Examination Council has officially released areas of concentration which i geared towards helping students pass their government examination. The examination Council understands how difficult some students find government. For this reason, it has decided to give topic from which all WAEC SSCE questions and answers will come out from.
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Is WAEC Syllabus Real or Fake and How Do I get It?
Yes, WAEC syllable is real because it is approved by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) for all senior secondary students.
Most of the topics in WAEC government syllabus are also found in NECO syllabus. So, you can use the WAEC syllabus to prepare for your NECO examination.
If you are still wondering where to get the real and complete syllable for this year’s government examination, you can get it here on this website or from your school.
It is almost hard to find the real syllabus for WAEC government online. For this reason, we have decided to provide you with the correct topics and recommended textbooks in order to help you pass. You can get a hard copy of it from your school or you print from this website.
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Download WAEC Government Syllabus 2023
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
This syllabus aims at assessing the candidates’ ability to
(a) define the concepts of Government and show their understanding of its principles, institutions and processes.
(b) recognize their role as an informed citizens and their contributions towards the achievement of national development.
(c) evaluate the successes, failures and problems of governments in West Africa.
(d) analyse the constitutional developments and processes of colonial and post – independent government.
(e) appreciate the role of their country as a member of the international community.
SCHEME OF THE EXAMINATIONS
There will be two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2, both of which must be taken.
Papers1 and 2 will be composite and will be taken at one sitting.
PAPER 1: This will consist of fifty multiple-choice objective questions drawn from the entire syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 1 hour for 40 marks.
PAPER 2: This will be a 2-hour essay type test consisting of two sections, Sections A and B as follows:
Section A: Elements of Government
Shall contain five questions out of which candidates shall be required to attempt any two.
Section B: Political and Constitutional Developments in West Africa and International Relations
Shall contain sets of five questions each; one set for one member country. Each candidate is to answer two questions chosen from the set on the country in which he/she is taking the examination.
The paper shall carry 60 marks.
ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT
1. MEANING AND SCOPE OF THE SUBJECT MATTER – GOVERNMENT
(i) Government as an institution of the state . Definition of state, features, structure and functions.
(ii) Government as a process or art or governing.
(iii) Government as an academic field of study – reasons for studying government.
2. BASIC CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT
(i) Basic concepts – State, *Society, *Nation, Power, Authority, Legitimacy, Sovereignty, Democracy, Political Culture and Socialization, Communalism, Feudalism and oligarchy, *Liberalism, Socialism, Communism, Capitalism, Fascism, Aristocracy, Totalitarianism. Meaning and features.
(ii) Basic principles – Rule of Law, Fundamental Human Rights, Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances, Constitutionalism, Political participation, Representative Government, Centralization and Decentralization – (Delegated Legislation, Devolution and Decentralization).
(i) Definition and Sources
(iii) Types and Features, (Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible).
4. ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT
The Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary – Judicial Independence. (Types, Structure, Composition/membership; Functions; powers and limitations).
5. STATE STRUCTURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF GOVERNMENT
(a) Types – Unitary, Federal, Confederal, Presidential or Non-parliamentary,
Parliamentary or Cabinet, Monarchical and Republican.
Meaning, types, features, merits and demerits.
Meaning, mode of acquisition, rights, duties and obligations of individuals in the state.
Means of safeguarding rights of citizens.
7. POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY SYSTEMS
(i) Political Parties – definition, organization/structure, and functions.
(ii) Party Systems – definition, types, merits and demerits.
8. PRESSURE GROUPS, PUBLIC OPINION AND MASS MEDIA
(i) Pressure Groups – definition, types, mode of operation and functions;
(ii) Public opinion – definition, formation, Measurement and importance;
(iii) Mass Media – definition, roles and impact.
9. THE ELECTORAL SYSTEMS, PROCESSES AND ELECTORAL MANAGEMENT BODY
(a) Electoral Systems and Processes (i) Election- Meaning and purpose of elections. (ii) Franchise – meaning, and limitations. (iii) Types, advantages and disadvantages of Electoral Systems. (b) Electoral Management Body – definition, function, problems/constrains.
10. PUBLIC/CIVIL SERVICE ADMINISTRATION
(i) Public/Civil Service – Meaning, Structure, Characteristics and Functions.
(ii) Public/Civil Service Commission –meaning and Functions.
(iii) Public Corporations – definition, purposes, functions, control, challenges, need for commercialization and privatization.
(iv) Local Governments – Meaning, structure, Purposes, Functions, Sources of revenue, control and problems.
SECTION B: POLITICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL DEVLEOPMENTS IN WEST AFRICA AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
11. PRE-COLONIAL POLITICAL SYSTEM OF CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES
The Structural Organization of the following: (a) Nigeria – Hausa/Fulani, the Yoruba and the Igbo.
(b) Ghana – The Akan and the Talensi.
(c) Sierra Leone – The Mende and Temme.
(d) The Gambia – The Wolof, Mandingo and Jola.
(e) Liberia – The Vai and the Kru.
12. COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION
(i) The Policy and Structure of the British Colonial Administration – Crown Colony, Protectorate and Indirect Rule.
(ii) The Policy of French Colonial Administration – Assimilation and Association (Loi Cadre).
(iii) Impact, Advantages and disadvantages of Colonial Rule.
13. NATIONALISM IN CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES
(i) Nationalism: Meaning, factors and effects.
(ii) Key Nationalist leaders/movements and their contributions.
14. CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES
(i) Pre-Independence Constitutions –
(a) Nigeria (features) – Clifford 1922 Richards 1946 Macpherson 1951 Littleton 1954
(b) Ghana (features, merits and demerits) – Clifford 1916 Guggisberg 1925 Burns 1946 Arden Clarke 1951 Nkrumah 1954
(c) Sierra Leone (features, merits and demerits) – Slatter 1924 Stevenson 1947 Beresford Stooke 1951 The 1956 and 1958 Constitutions.
(d) The Gambia (features, merits and demerits) – The 1947, 1951, 1954, 1960, 1962 and 1963 Constitutions.
(ii) Post-Independence Constitutions – Features
(a) Nigeria – Independence Constitution, 1960 Republican Constitution 1963 The 1979 and 1989 Constitutions 1999 Constitution – Origin, features, strength and Weaknesses.
(b) Ghana – Independence Constitution, 1957 Republican Constitution 1960 2nd Republican Constitution 1969 3rd Republican Constitution 1979 4th Republican Constitutions 1992.
(c) Sierra Leone – Independence Constitution 1961 Republican Constitution 1971 The 1978 and 1991 Constitutions,
(d) The Gambia – Independence Constitution 1965 Republican Constitution 1970. 2nd Republican Constitution 1997
(e) Liberia – Independence/Republican Constitution 1947 2nd Republican Constitution 1985
15. DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES
– Nigeria – Sierra Leone – The Gambia – Liberia Formation, Objectives, Sources of Finance, Achievements and Failures
16. MILITARY RULE IN THE CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES.
– Nigeria – Ghana; – Sierra Leone – The Gambia – Liberia Causes, effects and various military regimes.
17. FEDERAL/UNITARY SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT IN WEST AFRICA – Nigeria – Sierra Leone – The Gambia – Liberia Origin, Factors, Structure, Features and Problems
18. FOREIGN POLICIES OF THE CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES
– Nigeria – Ghana – Sierra Leone – The Gambia – Liberia Definitions, Factors, objectives, advantages and disadvantages.
19. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
The United Nations Organizations (UNO), The Commonwealth of Nations, African Union (AU) – NEPAD, The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Origin, aims/objectives, achievements and problems.
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